Back

ⓘ Paper shredder



Paper shredder
                                     

ⓘ Paper shredder

A paper shredder is a mechanical device used to cut paper into either strips or fine particles. Government organizations, businesses, and private individuals use shredders to destroy private, confidential, or otherwise sensitive documents.

                                     

1. Invention

The first paper shredder is credited to prolific inventor Abbot Augustus Low, whose patent was filed on February 2, 1909. His invention was however never manufactured.

Adolf Ehingers paper shredder, based on a hand-crank pasta maker, was manufactured in 1935 in Germany. Supposedly he needed to shred his anti-Nazi propaganda to avoid the inquiries of the authorities. Ehinger later marketed his shredders to government agencies and financial institutions converting from hand-crank to electric motor. Ehingers company, EBA Maschinenfabrik, manufactured the first cross-cut paper shredders in 1959 and continues to do so to this day as EBA Krug & Priester GmbH & Co. in Balingen.

                                     

2. History of use

Until the mid-1980s, it was rare for paper shredders to be used by non-government entities.

A high-profile example of their use was when the U.S. embassy in Iran used shredders to reduce paper pages to strips before the embassy was taken over in 1979, but some documents were reconstructed from the strips, as detailed below.

After Colonel Oliver North told Congress that he used a Schleicher cross-cut model to shred Iran-Contra documents, sales for that company increased nearly 20 percent in 1987.

Paper shredders became more popular among U.S. citizens with privacy concerns after the 1988 Supreme Court decision in California v. Greenwood ; in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that the Fourth Amendment does not prohibit the warrantless search and seizure of garbage left for collection outside of a home. Anti-burning laws also resulted in increased demand for paper shredding.

More recently, concerns about identity theft have driven increased personal use, with the US Federal Trade Commission recommending that individuals shred financial documents before disposal.

Information privacy laws such as FACTA, HIPAA, and the Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act are driving shredder usage, as businesses and individuals take steps to securely dispose of confidential information.

                                     

3. Types

Shredders range in size and price from small and inexpensive units designed for a certain amount of pages, to large units used by commercial shredding services that cost hundreds of thousands of dollars and can shred millions of documents per hour. While the very smallest shredders may be hand-cranked, most shredders are electrically powered.

Shredders over time have added features to improve the shredder users experience. Many now reject paper that is fed over capacity to avoid jams; others have safety features to reduce risks. Some shredders designed for use in shared workspaces or department copy rooms have noise reduction.

                                     

3.1. Types Mobile shredding truck

Larger organisation or shredding services sometimes use "mobile shredding trucks", typically constructed as a box truck with an industrial-size paper shredder mounted inside and space for storage of the shredded materials. Such a unit may also offer the shredding of CDs, DVDs, hard drives, credit cards, and uniforms, among other things.

                                     

3.2. Types Kiosks

A shredding kiosk is an automated retail machine or kiosk that allows public access to a commercial or industrial-capacity paper shredder. This is an alternative solution to the use of a personal or business paper shredder, where the public can use a faster and more powerful shredder, paying for each shredding event rather than purchasing shredding equipment.

                                     

3.3. Types Services

Some companies outsource their shredding to shredding services. These companies either shred on-site, with mobile shredder trucks or have off-site shredding facilities. Documents that need to be destroyed are often placed in locked bins that are emptied periodically.

                                     

4. Shredding method, and output

As well as size and capacity, shredders are classified according to the method they use; and the size and shape of the shreds they produce.

  • Hammermills pound the paper through a screen.
  • Grinders have a rotating shaft with cutting blades that grind the paper until it is small enough to fall through a screen.
  • Cardboard shredders are designed specifically to shred corrugated material into either strips or a mesh pallet.
  • Cross-cut or confetti-cut shredders use two contra-rotating drums to cut rectangular, parallelogram, or lozenge diamond-shaped shreds.
  • Strip-cut shredders use rotating knives to cut narrow strips as long as the original sheet of paper.
  • Pierce-and-tear shredders have rotating blades that pierce the paper and then tear it apart.
  • Disintegrators and granulators repeatedly cut the paper at random until the particles are small enough to pass through a mesh.
  • Particle-cut shredders create tiny square or circular pieces.


                                     

4.1. Shredding method, and output Security levels

There are a number of standards covering the security levels of paper shredders, including:

                                     

4.2. Shredding method, and output DIN - Deutsches Institut fur Normung

The previous DIN 32757 standard has now been replaced with DIN 66399. This is complex, but can be summarized as below:

  • Level P-3 = ≤ 320 mm² particles or ≤ 2 mm wide strips of any length
  • Level P-4 = ≤ 160 mm² particles with width ≤ 6 mm
  • Level P-5 = ≤ 30 mm² particles with width ≤ 2 mm
  • Level P-1 = ≤ 2000 mm² particles or ≤ 12 mm wide strips of any length For shredding general internal documents,such as instructions,forms,expired notices
  • Level P-6 = ≤ 10 mm² particles with width ≤ 1 mm
  • Level P-7 = ≤ 5 mm² particles with width ≤ 1 mm
  • Level P-2 = ≤ 800 mm² particles or ≤ 6 mm wide strips of any length
                                     

4.3. Shredding method, and output NSA/CSS

  • The United States National Security Agency/CSS produces the "NSA/CSS Specification 02-01 for High Security Crosscut Paper Shredders".
  • They provide a list of evaluated shredders.
                                     

5. Destruction of evidence

There have been many instances where it is alleged that documents have been improperly or illegally destroyed by shredding, including:

  • Oliver North shredded documents relating to the Iran–Contra affair between November 21 and November 25, 1986. During the trial, North testified that on November 21, 22, or 24, he witnessed John Poindexter destroy what may have been the only signed copy of a presidential covert action finding that sought to authorize CIA participation in the November 1985 Hawk missile shipment to Iran.
  • According to the report of the Paul Volcker Committee, between April and December 2004, Kofi Annans Chef de Cabinet, Iqbal Riza, authorized thousands of United Nations documents shredded, including the entire chronological files of the Oil-for-Food Programme during the years 1997 through 1999.
  • The Union Bank of Switzerland used paper shredders to destroy evidence that their company owned property stolen from Jews during the Holocaust by the Nazi government. The shredding was disclosed to the public through the work of Christoph Meili, a security guard working at the bank who happened to wander by a room where the shredding was taking place. Also in the shredding room were books from the German Reichsbank. They listed stock accounts for companies involved in the holocaust, including BASF, Degussa, and Degesch. They also listed real-estate records for Berlin properties that had been forcibly taken by the Nazis, placed in Swiss accounts, and then claimed to be owned by UBS. Destruction of such documents was a violation of Swiss laws.


                                     

6. Unshredding and forensics

To achieve their purpose, it should not be possible to reassemble and read shredded documents. In practice the feasibility of this depends on

  • the resources put into reconstruction.
  • how well the shredding has been done, and

The resources put into reconstruction should depend on the importance of the document, e.g. whether it is

  • a criminal matter,
  • a matter of national security.
  • corporate espionage,
  • a simple personal matter,

How easy reconstruction is will depend on:

  • whether other processes such as pulping and chemical decomposition are used
  • the size and shape of the shredded pieces
  • the orientation of the material when fed
  • the size and legibility of the text
  • whether the document is single- or double-sided
  • how effectively the shredded material is further randomized afterwards

Even without a full reconstruction, in some cases useful information can be obtained by forensic analysis of the paper, ink, and cutting method.



                                     

6.1. Unshredding and forensics Reconstruction examples

  • After the Iranian Revolution and the takeover of the U.S. embassy in Tehran in 1979, Iranians enlisted local carpet weavers who reconstructed the pieces by hand. The recovered documents would be later released by the Iranian government in a series of books called "Documents from the US espionage Den". The US government subsequently improved its shredding techniques by adding pulverizing, pulping, and chemical decomposition protocols.
  • Modern computer technology considerably speeds up the process of reassembling shredded documents. The strips are scanned on both sides, and then a computer determines how the strips should be put together. Robert Johnson of the National Association for Information Destruction has stated that there is a huge demand for document reconstruction. Several companies offer commercial document reconstruction services. For maximum security, documents should be shredded so that the words of the document go through the shredder horizontally i.e. perpendicular to the blades. Many of the documents in the Enron Accounting scandals were fed through the shredder the wrong way, making them easier to reassemble.
  • In 2003, there was an effort underway to recover the shredded archives of the Stasi, the East German secret police. There are "millions of shreds of paper that panicked Stasi officials threw into garbage bags during the regimes final days in the fall of 1989". As it took three dozen people six years to reconstruct 300 of the 16.000 bags, the Fraunhofer-IPK institute has developed the "Stasi-Schnipselmaschine" Stasi snippet machine for computerized reconstruction and is testing it in a pilot project.
  • The DARPA Shredder Challenge 2011 called upon computer scientists, puzzle enthusiasts, and anyone else with an interest in solving complex problems, to compete for up to $50.000 by piecing together a series of shredded documents. The Shredder Challenge consisted of five separate puzzles in which the number of documents, the document subject matter and the method of shredding were varied to present challenges of increasing difficulty. To complete each problem, participants were required to provide the answer to a puzzle embedded in the content of the reconstructed document. The overall prizewinner and prize awarded was dependent on the number and difficulty of the problems solved. DARPA declared a winner on December 2, 2011 the winning entry was submitted 33 days after the challenge began - the winner was "All Your Shreds Are Belong To U.S." using a combination system that used automated sorting to pick the best fragment combinations to be reviewed by humans.
                                     

6.2. Unshredding and forensics Forensic identification

The individual shredder that was used to destroy a given document may be sometimes be of forensic interest. Shredders display certain device-specific characteristics, "fingerprints", like the exact spacing of the blades, the degree and pattern of their wear. By closely examining the shredded material, the minute variations of size of the paper strips and the microscopic marks on their edges may be able to be linked to a specific machine. c.f. the forensic identification of typewriters.

                                     

7. Recycling of waste

The resulting shredded paper can be recycled in a number of ways, including:

  • Insulation - Shredded newsprint mixed with flame-retardant chemicals and glue to create a sprayable insulation material for wall interiors and the underside of roofing
  • Animal bedding - To produce a warm and comfortable bed for animals
  • Void fill and packaging - Void fill for the transportation of goods
  • Briquettes - an alternative to non-renewable fuels

Users also searched:

benefits of paper shredding, is a paper shredder necessary, is cross cut shredder secure, shear shredder, shredders, shredding computing, small paper shredder, what shredder, papers, paper, shredder, shredding, cross cut, cross, shredders, technology, paper shredder, document, cross cut shredder, paper shredding, shear, shredding paper, what, shredder cross cut, shredding technology, paper shredders, is cross cut, tech, is a, small, technologies, shear shredder, is cross cut shredder secure, is a paper shredder necessary, what shredder, benefits of paper shredding, shredding computing, small paper shredder,

...
                                     
Paper shredder Shredder, Paper Shredders in Stock ULINE. SOCRRAs Paper Shredder open 6 days a week free to the public. Drop Off Center is located at 995 Coolidge, Troy, MI between 14 Mile and Maple.. .. Paper shredder What to look for when choosing a paper shredder. May 30, 2016 Paper shredders are very popular these days due to rise identity theft and appearance of federal privacy laws such as the Health. .. Paper Shredders GBC. Jan 27, 2020 Bonsaii EverShred C149 C 18 Sheet Heavy Duty Cross Cut Paper CD Credit Card Shredder with 6 Gallon Pullout Basket and 4 Casters,. .. Paper shredder Shredder: Paper Shredders Best Buy. Keep your data secure by choosing right shredder. With a wide assortment of best paper shredders, GBC is sure to have the perfect one for you.. .. Paper shredder Can You Escape a Paper Shredder? YouTube. . Utahs Self Serve. recycle utah shredder park city recycling center Located behind the white paper bin, its an. .. Paper shredder Paper Shredders, Home & Office Depot OfficeMax. AmazonBasics 6 Sheet Cross Cut Shredder. Quickly Shreds Confidential Info. Thoroughly shred multi page documents up to six sheets at a time with this. .. Paper shredder Paper Shredder Danger. Aug 2, 2019 When it comes to buying best paper shredder, you should know that there are many choices available in market. The users of shredders. .. Paper shredder Paper Shredder SOCRRA. Shop for Shredders in Office Supplies. Buy products such as Pen Gear 6 sheet Crosscut Paper Credit Card Shredder at Walmart and save.. .. Paper shredder Royal 1200X Paper Shredder, 12 Sheet Capacity Sams Club. Aug 8, 2011 Household paper shredders can pose a danger to children and pets.. .. Paper shredder Paper Shredders Target. Guide to find the best machine that suits your need. Paper shredders for home or work usage. Which document shredder should you. Paper shredder Best, Reliable & Cheap Paper Shredders 2019 Buyers Guide. Items 1 24 of 45 Destroy junk mail and sensitive documents in seconds with a high quality, long lasting paper shredder from Best Buy.. .. Paper shredder The 10 Best Paper Shredders. Read paper shredder review and find out which of models tested by Consumer Reports experts made the cut.. .. Paper shredder Buy a Shredder for Home Office or Business Staples. Purchase a shredder from Staples to help manage paper waste. Browse our selection of commercial and personal shredders for your business or home. .. Paper shredder Paper Shredder Recycle Utah. Sep 28, 2019 Get $100 toward select mattresses by visiting and using the promo code thekingofrandom at checkout. .. Paper shredder AmazonBasics 6 Sheet Cross Cut Paper and Credit. Shop Target for Shredders you will love at great low prices. Free shipping on orders of $35 or same day pick up in store.. .. Paper shredder Paper Shredders Review Consumer Reports. Paper for the or personal use available at Office Depot & OfficeMax. Stay confidential with commercial industrial shredders and more.. .. Paper shredder Paper Guide How to Choose a Shredder?. Jan 13, 2020 The best paper on Amazon, including crosscut, micro cut, high capacity, jam proof shredders and. .. Paper shredder Paper Shredders. Buy Royal 1200X Paper Shredder, 12 Sheet Capacity Shredders at SamsClub. com.. .. 13 Best Paper Shredders 2020 The Strategist New York Magazine. Uline stocks a selection of, Shredders and Cross Cut Paper Shredder. Order by 6 pm for same day shipping. Huge Catalog!.

Anti Jam Technology Shredders Best Buy.

There are several types of shredders, from very simple paper shredders to high tech disintegrators and hammer mills. Paper shredders can be subdivided based. Technology Security Tips: Paper & Shredding. 5 Jul 2019 Governments, businesses, and individuals rely on paper shredders to provide security when they want to keep their important information. Wholesale LZ Technology Office Supplies Paper Shredder Online. Mobile Jammer, Cash Counting Machines, Paper Shredder Mobile Jammers, Cash Counting Machines and Paper Shredder amongst others. of their industrial knowledge along with high tech machinery to render our products perfection.


79Ci Paper Shredder Innovation by FellowesInc TechWalls.

Patented SafeSense® Technology stops shredding when hands touch the paper opening. bullet, Energy Savings System reduces energy consumption by up to. Fellowes Powershred 63Cb 10 Sheet Cross Cut Shredder with Jam. Computers hardware and software store in Lebanon. We provide a range of quality computer parts, peripheral and electronics in addition to all types of computer. Top 10 Best Paper Shredders in 2019 Reviews ALLTOPGUIDE. 30 Sep 2019 Uncategorized. Paper Shredder Service Market 2019 Key Methods, Historical Analysis, Application, Technology, Trends And Opportunities. History of use. 1 Oct 2019 With increased regulations aiming to reduce the danger of identity theft, paper shredding offers a lucrative business opportunity for someone. Powershred 125Ci 100% Jam Proof Heavy Duty Cross Cut. 73 products Fellowes Powershred 63Cb Shredder Cross Cut Ref 4600201 Patented SafeSense® Technology stops shredding when hands touch the paper. Design and construction of a paper shredding machine jmest. 10 Apr 2019 Then, for those who want to dive into the nitty gritty, we go into a more detailed description of shredding technology and security.


Paper Shredding D&P Shredders.

Each cut type shreds an A4 document into a number of pieces Blue text indicates Auto Feed technology Rexel Auto Feed Shredders See All Our Features. SKILCRAFT Cross cut Paper Shredder Cross Cut 12 Per Pass. Olympia Shredder The Worlds most smart shredder in all paper shredders with Building a great tradition with new technology, Olympia has merged with. Document shredder for high volumes – secure data shredding. At JP Paper & Recycling, we strive to take the hassle out of document management with our advanced paper shredding technology and cost effective business. Secure Paper Shredding and Recycling Information Technology. Rexel Momentum M510 Paper Shredder shreds up to 10 sheets in one go, with The M510 comes with anti jam technology to guarantee uninterrupted shredding.





Choose the Best Paper Shredder Thats Right For You.

29 Aug 2019 Top 40 Best Paper Shredders for Office or Home Use. Thanks to an anti jam technology, this machine is able to detect jams and turn a. Paper Shredder, Antiva Paper Shredding Machine, एंटीवा पेपर. In the past, only offices made use of cross cut shredders, but these days it is a Technology Three mode power switch Auto, On, Off, Reverse, Status indicator. Paper Shredder Paper Shredder GBT 8C G B Tech India. 30 Sep 2019 Paper shredders can be used to conceal personal information on also feature jam proof designs and technology, helping you to avoid the. Tech solutions paper shredders – sgoogle - wiki.info. Take back your time with a hassle free shredder. Simply stack sheets of paper, shut the lid and return to your busy day. ITS AUTOMATIC. Patented technology. Every Office Needs a Paper Shredder Victor Database and. 28 Jul 2019 Can shred up to 10 sheets of paper in one go. Features a 6 gallon lift off head. SafeSense technology. Reliable and medium duty shredding. SHRgoogle - wiki.info Tech Solutions Parts Paper Shredder. Find your paper shredder easily amongst the 74 products from the leading brands SSI for electronics scrap paper RS30 40 UNTHA shredding technology. CleanTEC 41514 Paper Shredder from Dahle Office Zone®. Highly robust and reliable, with the latest, partly patented technology. With perfect fit drive and rotor concepts. The possibilities for shredding biomass, document.


Office Solutions Office Technology Paper Shredder AYOUB.

SafeSense® Technology stops shredding when hands touch the paper opening. Energy Savings System provides optimal energy efficiency 100% of the time in. Picking the Right Paper Shredder TechGearLab. GBC office shredders come with a complete two years warranty with 20 years warranty on Cross Cut Small Office Paper Shredder jam free technology. Buying A Paper Shredder For Your Home Office MakeUseOf. Technology of shredding machines has allowed them to be made smaller, more efficient, but the first paper shredding machines dates back to the early 1900s. Rexel Alpha Ribbon Cut Shredder BROCHURE. HSM Powerline Heavy Duty Document Shredders. Data privacy in a big way! The robust technology of the 400 V devices is specially designed for a large.





3 Technologies That Should Make Any Business Capital Shredder.

Shredder: A micro cut paper shredder is Anti jam technology Regardless of. Desk Side Shredders why skye direct?. Shred Tech designs and manufactures plant based paper shredding systems capable of shred rates up to 15 tons per hour. High torque shear shredding. Best Paper Shredders In 2019 YouTube. A slight pressure on the safety element prevents unintentional intake and stops the document shredder immediately. Anti Jam Technology with reverse function. AmazonBasics Cross Cut Shredder 15 sheets test review 10 2019. When you need the best Industrial Shredders around, the one place to call is Allegheny Only manufacturer of all 5 shredding technologies strip cut, cross cut,. Technology Paper Shredder Tri Central Office Supply, Inc. There are various different types of shredders out there to choose from which range from simple paper shredders to the latest high tech disintegrators and. Minnesota Paper Shredder Repair & Sales Minnesotas Home for. Document Services offers a paper shredding service for TTUHSC Lubbock.


Shredder Technology google - wiki.info.

Manufacturer of Wood Shredding Waste Paper Shredder Machine, Packaging Wood Shredder offered by Fornnax Technology Private Limited, Ahmedabad,. Top 10 Best Paper Shredders Reviews In 2019 Rotha Reviews. 13 Jan 2019 What is a Paper Shredder? The different types of Paper Shredder. It has been designed with safesence technology that will stop the. Wood Shredding Waste Paper Shredder Machine Manufacturer. 11 Nov 2016 The particles released from paper shredding were found to be in The authors thank Christopher J. Gilpin and Roy Geiss for technical. Paper Shredding JP Paper & Recycling. 27 Mar 2019 It features safe sense technology that stops shredding when hands touch the paper opening. It can shred for up to 20 minutes before a 30.


Paper Shredders Welcome to Jaymit.

Products Paper Shredder. You are here: Home Portfolio. Mercury Shredder Cross Cut. Cross Cut Paper Shredder Mercury RDX1850 Cross Cut. Rexel Momentum M510 Micro Cut P 5 Shredder 2104575. The Slim X410 SL comes with anti jam technology to guarantee uninterrupted shredding. P4 cross cut 4 x 28 mm pieces. Quiet, with simple, intuitive, touch. Data Shredding Services LinkedIn. At Absolute Data Destruction, we strive to take the hassle out of document management with our advanced paper shredding technology and cost effective. Top 10 Best Shredders for Small Business in 2019 OpenSumo. Information Technology and ServicesHouston, TX65 followers Services of Texas, Inc., Inc. provides secure information destruction for your obsolete paper files.


5 Best Heavy Duty Paper Shredders Durability Matters.

Items 11 of 11 Shop for Anti Jam Technology Shredders at Best Buy. Find low Royal 16 Sheet Crosscut CD DVD Paper Shredder Black silver. Model:. Shred Tech ® – Start A Shredding Business. 4 Sep 2019 Paper shredders have become more and more popular over the last Micro Cut shredder: This is the type of shred that shreds the paper Connecting the people with the best technology gadgets reviews available online. Shredders & Accessories Central Mississippi Office Supply. Technical Information. Shred Type. Cross Cut. Shredder Type. Non continuous Shredder. Sheet Shred Capacity. 16 Per Pass. Shredding Item. Credit Card. Market Dynamics of Paper Shredders Market Outlook Times Tech. HSM Classic 125.2 High Security Level 6 Cross Cut Shredder Cross Cut 7 Per technology designed to easily and quickly reverse if machine is overloaded.





Document & Material Shredders Neopost USA.

This technology quickly and effectively prevents paper jams, because as soon as too much paper is inserted at once, the shredder throws the paper out again. The History of Paper Shredding Machines USA SHRED. A micro cut - or particle cut - shredder reduces processed papers to narrow, extremely short pieces that turn a stack of sheets into mulch like output. These machines cost more and run more slowly than either of the simpler shredding technologies, but their output offers even greater security than other alternatives. Daejin Kostal goes global with paper shredding technology. 23 Oct 2019 CMR Represents an Extensive Analysis of Research Report Global Paper Shredders Market is expected to grow with a significant growth. Best Professional Paper Shredder 2019 Customer Reports. Neopost offers a variety of HSM document shredders that can handle numerous job types. Provide cross cut technology for as many as 31 sheets at a time.


Best Office Shredder 2019 Paper Shredder Pick.

Fellowes AutoMax™ 150C Hands Free Paper Shredder. stops and reverses paper if a jam occurs Innovative, touch screen technology with backlit LEDs. Best Cross Cut Shredder for Home & Office Use 2019 Paper. Bri Allen Technologies, Inc. 410 833 1118. SEM High Security Paper Shredder 2226CC 3NO. Your Price: $2.269.00 You save $910.10. Image 1. Larger More. PRO Intellect Technology Paper Shredder User Manuals Prodocs24. Cross Cut 130 Per Pass for shredding Staples, Paper Clip, Credit Card, paper if a jam occurs Innovative, touch screen technology with backlit LEDs. Paper Shredder Service Market 2019 Key Methods, Historical. In addition, I am going to mention some of the shredders that are not reviewed Texet cross cut shredder, Tech solutions cross cut shredder, Targus cross cut. Shred Tech Asia:Shredding Applications Paper Shredding. At Gator Shredding, we strive to take the hassle out of document management with our advanced paper shredding technology and cost effective business model.





2016 Shredding Brochure.

28 Jun 2019 Most durable shredders come with anti jam technology. This built in technology prevents the paper from becoming jammed and stuck. Industrial shredder how does a four shaft shredder work? YouTube. Department of Welding Engineering and Offshore. Technology. Petroleum Training Institute. Effurun, Nigeria. Abstract This paper shredding machine was. GDX1813 Cross cut shredder GBC Shredder. Victor Database and Technology Portal By shredding papers, whether they are sensitive documents or not, you will be able to reduce the A paper shredder is a valuable item that will help you run a neat, clean, and orderly office space. Shredding Headerbild Vecoplan AG. GBC PAPER SHREDDER. Smart and functional, the Alpha straight cut home shredder is ideal for the light home user and day to day shredding S1 security.


...
Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →