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Bis(5-nucleosyl)-tetraphosphatase (symmetrical)

In enzymology, a bis-tetraphosphatase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction P 1,P 4 -bis5-adenosyl tetraphosphate + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 2 ADP Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are P1,P4-bis5-adenosyl tetr ...

                                               

Bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase

In enzymology, a bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 2.3-bisphospho-D-glycerate + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 3-phospho-D-glycerate + phosphate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme ...

                                               

Blasticidin-S deaminase

In enzymology, a blasticidin-S deaminase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction blasticidin S + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } deaminohydroxyblasticidin S + NH 3 Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are blasticidin S an ...

                                               

Bornyl diphosphate synthase

In enzymology, bornyl diphosphate synthase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction geranyl diphosphate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } +-bornyl diphosphate Bornyl diphosphate synthase is involved in the biosynthesis of the cyclic ...

                                               

Butyrate kinase

In enzymology, a butyrate kinase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ADP + butyryl-phosphate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } ATP + butyrate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ADP and butyryl-phosphate, whereas its two ...

                                               

Caffeate O-methyltransferase

In enzymology, a caffeate O -methyltransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction S -adenosyl- L -methionine + 3.4-dihydroxy- trans -cinnamate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } S -adenosyl- L -homocysteine + 3-methoxy-4-hydroxy ...

                                               

Caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase

In enzymology, a caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction S-adenosyl-L-methionine + caffeoyl-CoA ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + feruloyl-CoA Thus, the two substrates of ...

                                               

Camphor 5-monooxygenase

In enzymology, a camphor 5-monooxygenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction +-camphor + putidaredoxin + O 2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } +-exo-5-hydroxycamphor + oxidized putidaredoxin + H 2 O The 3 substrates of this enzy ...

                                               

Carbamate kinase

In enzymology, a carbamate kinase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + NH 3 + CO 2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } ADP + carbamoyl phosphate The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, NH 3, and CO 2, whereas its two product ...

                                               

Carbonyl reductase (NADPH)

In enzymology, a carbonyl reductase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction R-CO-R + NADPH + H + ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons }:R-CHOH-R + NADP + Thus, the two products of this enzyme are R-CHOH-R and NADP +, whereas its 3 substr ...

                                               

Carbonyl reductase II

                                               

Carboxy-cis,cis-muconate cyclase

In enzymology, a carboxy-cis,cis-muconate cyclase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 3-carboxy-2.5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 3-carboxy-cis,cis-muconate Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, ...

                                               

Carboxymethylenebutenolidase

In enzymology, a carboxymethylenebutenolidase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 4-carboxymethylenebut-2-en-4-olide + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 4-oxohex-2-enedioate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are 4-ca ...

                                               

Carboxyvinyl-carboxyphosphonate phosphorylmutase

In enzymology, a carboxyvinyl-carboxyphosphonate phosphorylmutase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 1-carboxyvinyl carboxyphosphonate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 3-hydrohydroxyphosphorylpyruvate + CO 2 Hence, this enzyme ...

                                               

Carnitine O-octanoyltransferase

In enzymology, a carnitine O-octanoyltransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction octanoyl-CoA + L-carnitine ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } CoA + L-octanoylcarnitine Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are octanoyl-CoA ...

                                               

Cd2+-exporting ATPase

In enzymology, a Cd2+-exporting ATPase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + H 2 O + Cd 2 +in ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } ADP + phosphate + Cd 2 +out The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, H 2 O, and Cd 2+, whereas i ...

                                               

CDP-diacylglycerol diphosphatase

In enzymology, a CDP-diacylglycerol diphosphatase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction CDP-diacylglycerol + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } CMP + phosphatidate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are CDP-diacylglycero ...

                                               

CDP-glucose 4.6-dehydratase

In the field of enzymology, a CDP-glucose 4.6-dehydratase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction CDP-glucose ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } CDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-D-glucose + H 2 O Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, CDP-glucos ...

                                               

Cellobiose dehydrogenase (acceptor)

In enzymology, a cellobiose dehydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction cellobiose + acceptor ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } cellobiono-1.5-lactone + reduced acceptor Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are cellobio ...

                                               

Cellobiose phosphorylase

In enzymology, a cellobiose phosphorylase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction cellobiose + phosphate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate + D-glucose Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are cellobios ...

                                               

Cellulose synthase (UDP-forming)

The UDP-forming form of cellulose synthase is the main enzyme that produces cellulose. Systematically, it is known as UDP-glucose:-β- D -glucan 4-β- D -glucosyltransferase in enzymology. It catalyzes the chemical reaction: UDP-glucose + n+1 A sim ...

                                               

Cephalosporin-C deacetylase

In enzymology, a cephalosporin-C deacetylase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction cephalosporin C + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } deacetylcephalosporin C + acetate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are cephalospor ...

                                               

Chalcone synthase

Chalcone synthase or naringenin-chalcone synthase is an enzyme ubiquitous to higher plants and belongs to a family of polyketide synthase enzymes known as type III PKS. Type III PKSs are associated with the production of chalcones, a class of org ...

                                               

Channel-conductance-controlling ATPase

In enzymology, a channel-conductance-controlling ATPase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } ADP + phosphate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and H 2 O, whereas its two ...

                                               

Chitin deacetylase

In enzymology, a chitin deacetylase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction chitin + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } chitosan + acetate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are chitin and H 2 O, whereas its two products a ...

                                               

Chlordecone reductase

In enzymology, a chlordecone reductase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction chlordecone alcohol + NADP + ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } chlordecone + NADPH + H + Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are chlordecone alcohol ...

                                               

Chloride peroxidase

Chloride peroxidase is a family of enzymes that catalyzes the chlorination of organic compounds. This enzyme combines the inorganic substrates chloride and hydrogen peroxide to produce the equivalent of Cl +, which replaces a proton in hydrocarbo ...

                                               

Chloromuconate cycloisomerase

In enzymology, a chloromuconate cycloisomerase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 2-chloro-2.5-dihydro-5-oxofuran-2-acetate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 3-chloro-cis,cis-muconate Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 2-chl ...

                                               

Choline kinase

Choline kinase is an enzyme which catalyzes the first reaction in the choline pathway for phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis. This reaction involves the transfer of a phosphate group from adenosine triphosphate to choline in order to form phosphoch ...

                                               

Choline oxidase

In enzymology, a choline oxidase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction choline + O 2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } betaine aldehyde + H 2 O 2 Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are choline and O 2, whereas its two product ...

                                               

Chondroitin AC lyase

In enzymology, a chondroitin AC lyase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction Eliminative degradation of polysaccharides containing 1.4-beta-D-hexosaminyl and 1.3-beta-D-glucuronosyl linkages to disaccharides containing 4-deoxy-beta-D-g ...

                                               

Chorismate mutase

In enzymology, chorismate mutase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction for the conversion of chorismate to prephenate in the pathway to the production of phenylalanine and tyrosine, also known as the shikimate pathway. Hence, this enz ...

                                               

Chorismate synthase

In enzymology, a chorismate synthase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 5-O-1-carboxyvinyl-3-phosphoshikimate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } chorismate + phosphate Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 5-O-1-carboxyvinyl-3-p ...

                                               

Cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase

In enzymology, a cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction cinnamyl alcohol + NADP + ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } cinnamaldehyde + NADPH + H + Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are cinnamyl al ...

                                               

Citrate (pro-3S)-lyase

In enzymology, a citrate -lyase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction citrate ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } acetate + oxaloacetate Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, citrate, and two products, acetate and oxaloacetate. This ...

                                               

Creatinase

In enzymology, a creatinase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction creatine + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } sarcosine + urea Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are creatine and H 2 O, whereas its two products are sar ...

                                               

Creatininase

In enzymology, a creatininase is an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of creatinine to creatine, which can then be metabolised to urea and sarcosine by creatinase. creatinine + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } creatine Thus, the two ...

                                               

Cyclomaltodextrin glucanotransferase

In enzymology, a cyclomaltodextrin glucanotransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction of cyclizing part of a 1.4-alpha-D-glucan molecule through the formation of a 1.4-alpha-D-glucosidic bond. This enzyme belongs to the family o ...

                                               

Cyclomaltodextrinase

In enzymology, a cyclomaltodextrinase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction cyclomaltodextrin + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } linear maltodextrin Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are cyclomaltodextrin and H 2 O, w ...

                                               

Cyclopropane-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthase

In enzymology, a cyclopropane-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction S-adenosyl-L-methionine + phospholipid olefinic fatty acid ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + phosphol ...

                                               

Cystathionine beta-lyase

Cystathionine beta-lyase, also commonly referred to as CBL or β-cystathionase, is an enzyme that primarily catalyzes the following α,β-elimination reaction Thus, the substrate of this enzyme is L-cystathionine, whereas its 3 products are homocyst ...

                                               

Cysteine desulfurase

In enzymology, a cysteine desulfurase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-cysteine + sulfurtransferase. Other names in common use include IscS, NIFS, NifS, SufS, and cysteine desulfurylase. This enzyme participates in thiamine met ...

                                               

Cysteine synthase

In enzymology, a cysteine synthase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction O 3 -acetyl- L -serine + hydrogen sulfide ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } L -cysteine + acetate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are O 3 -acetyl- L ...

                                               

Cysteine-S-conjugate beta-lyase

In enzymology, a cysteine-S-conjugate beta-lyase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction RS-CH 2 -CHNH 3 +COO- ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } RSH + NH 3 + pyruvate Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, but 3 products: RSH, NH 3, ...

                                               

Cysteine-tRNA ligase

In enzymology, a cysteine-tRNA ligase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + L-cysteine + tRNACys ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } AMP + diphosphate + L-cysteinyl-tRNACys The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, L-cysteine, ...

                                               

Cytidylate kinase

In enzymology, a cytidylate kinase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + dCMP ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } ADP + dCDP Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and dCMP, whereas its two products are ADP and dCDP. ...

                                               

Cytochrome c nitrite reductase

Cytochrome c nitrite reductase is a bacterial enzyme that catalyzes the six electron reduction of nitrite to ammonia; an important step in the biological nitrogen cycle. The enzyme catalyses the second step in the two step conversion of nitrate t ...

                                               

Cytochrome-c3 hydrogenase

In enzymology, a cytochrome-c3 hydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction 2 H 2 + ferricytochrome c 3 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } 4 H + + ferrocytochrome c 3 Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are H 2 and ferricy ...

                                               

Cytokinin dehydrogenase

In enzymology, a cytokinin dehydrogenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction N 6 -dimethylallyladenine + electron acceptor + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } adenine + 3-methylbut-2-enal + reduced acceptor The 3 substrate ...

                                               

Cytosine deaminase

In enzymology, a cytosine deaminase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction cytosine + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } uracil + NH 3 Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are cytosine and H 2 O, whereas its two products ar ...

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