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Argiotoxin

Argiotoxins represent a class of polyamine toxins isolated from the orb-weaver spider. The orb-weaver spiders, also known as araneids; belong to the Araneidae spider family. This type of spiders is located in almost every area of the world.

                                               

Ethyleneamine

Ethyleneamines are a class of amine compounds containing ethylene linkages between amine groups. These compounds are generally colorless, low-viscosity liquids with a fishy amine odor. They are primarily used as building block chemicals and in ep ...

                                               

Melam (chemistry)

In the presence of 30% ammonia, melam undergoes hydrolysis to form ammeline and melamine. It also reacts with concentrated nitric acid, producing cyanuric acid. Upon heating, melam first loses ammonia to form melem, and then melon.

                                               

Methoctramine

Methoctramine is a polymethylene tetraamine that acts as a muscarinic antagonist. It preferently binds to the pre-synaptic receptor M2, a muscarinic acetylcholine ganglionic protein complex present basically in heart cells. In normal conditions - ...

                                               

Polyamines in plant stress

Polyamines are small, positively charged, organic molecules that are ubiquitous in all living organisms. These are considered as one of the oldest group of substances known in biochemistry. There are three common types of polyamines, putrescine, ...

                                               

Spermidine

Spermidine is a polyamine compound found in ribosomes and living tissues, and having various metabolic functions within organisms. It was originally isolated from semen.

                                               

Cis,cis-1.3.5-Triaminocyclohexane

cis,cis -1.3.5-Triaminocyclohexane is an organic compound with the formula 3. It is a triamine. Of the many isomers possible for triaminocyclohexane, the cis,cis-1.3.5-derivative has attracted attention because it is a common tripodal ligand, abb ...

                                               

Ethyleneamines

                                               

CPHPC

CPHPC is a proline-derived small molecule able to strip amyloid P from deposits by reducing levels of circulating serum amyloid P. The SAP-amyloid association has also been identified as a possible drug target for anti-amyloid therapy, with the r ...

                                               

Ertapenem

                                               

Hydroxyproline

-4-Hydroxyproline, or L -hydroxyproline, is a common proteinogenic amino acid, abbreviated as Hyp, e.g., in Protein Data Bank.

                                               

Prolinol

This article is about a compound used in synthesis of certain stimulants and should not be confused with a stimulant in that class the brand name of which is propalin Prolinol is a chiral amino-alcohol that is used as a chiral building block in o ...

                                               

Pyrrolidinophenones

                                               

2-hydroxylquinoline

                                               

2-Hydroxypyridine

                                               

2-Quinolinol

                                               

Lactim

                                               

Olapa

Cheirodendron is a genus of flowering plant in the family Araliaceae. All six species in the genus are endemic to Polynesia. The five Hawaiian species are generally called ōlapa, and occur in wet forests on all major islands as well as some mesic ...

                                               

2-Carboxybenzaldehyde

2-Carboxybenzaldehyde is a chemical compound. It consists of a benzene ring, with an aldehyde and a carboxylic acid as substituents that are ortho to each other. The compound exhibits ring–chain tautomerism: the two substituents can react with ea ...

                                               

4-Carboxybenzaldehyde

4-Carboxybenzaldehyde is an organic compound with the formula OCHC 6 H 4 CO 2 H. It consists of a benzene ring substituted with both an aldehyde and a carboxylic acid functional groups. This compound is formed in 0.5% yield in the production tere ...

                                               

2-Hydroxymuconate semialdehyde

2-Hydroxymuconate semialdehyde is formed from catechol by the enzyme catechol 2.3-dioxygenase during the degradation of benzoates. It is hydrolysed into formate and 2-oxopent-4-enoate by 2-hydroxymuconate-semialdehyde hydrolase.

                                               

2-Ethylhexanoic acid

2-Ethylhexanoic acid is the organic compound with the formula CH 3 CHCO 2 H. It is a carboxylic acid that is widely used to prepare lipophilic metal derivatives that are soluble in nonpolar organic solvents. 2-Ethylhexanoic acid is a colorless vi ...

                                               

Neodecanoic acid

Neodecanoic acid is a mixture of carboxylic acids with the common structural formula C 10 H 20 O 2, a molecular weight of 172.26 g/mol, and the CAS number 26896-20-8. Components of the mixture are acids with the common property of a "trialkyl ace ...

                                               

Phytanic acid

Phytanic acid is a branched chain fatty acid that humans can obtain through the consumption of dairy products, ruminant animal fats, and certain fish. Western diets are estimated to provide 50–100 mg of phytanic acid per day. In a study conducted ...

                                               

Pivalic acid

Pivalic acid is a carboxylic acid with a molecular formula of 3 CCO 2 H. This colourless, odiferous organic compound is solid at room temperature. A common abbreviation for the pivalyl or pivaloyl group) is Piv and for pivalic acid OH) is PivOH.

                                               

Wax acid

The wax acids are a subgroup of saturated unbranched alcanoic acids. The frontier between fatty acids and wax acids is fluid. It often begins at 22 carbon atoms. The members are: Melissic acid C-30 Lacceroic acid C-32 Lignoceric acid C-24 Montani ...

                                               

Acetic acids

                                               

Phenyl alkanoic acids

                                               

Propionic acids

                                               

Enoic acids

                                               

Dicarboxylic acid

A dicarboxylic acid is an organic compound containing two carboxyl functional groups. The general molecular formula for dicarboxylic acids can be written as HO 2 C−R−CO 2 H, where R can be aliphatic or aromatic. In general, dicarboxylic acids sho ...

                                               

Acetonedicarboxylic acid

Acetonedicarboxylic acid and its derivatives are primarily used as building blocks in organic chemistry, particularly in the synthesis of heterocyclic rings and in the Weiss–Cook reaction. Acetonedicarboxylic acid is well-known to be used in the ...

                                               

Acetylenedicarboxylic acid

Acetylenedicarboxylic acid or butynedioic acid is an organic compound with the formula C 4 H 2 O 4 or HO 2 CC≡CCO 2 H. It is a crystalline solid that is soluble in diethyl ether. The removal of two protons yields the acetylenedicarboxylate dianio ...

                                               

N-Acetylglutamic acid

N -Acetylglutamic acid is biosynthesized from glutamate and acetylornithine by ornithine acetyltransferase, and from glutamic acid and acetyl-CoA by the enzyme N -acetylglutamate synthase. The reverse reaction, hydrolysis of the acetyl group, is ...

                                               

Dipicolinic acid

Dipicolinic acid is a chemical compound which composes 5% to 15% of the dry weight of bacterial spores. It is implicated as responsible for the heat resistance of the endospore. However, mutants resistant to heat but lacking dipicolinic acid have ...

                                               

Docosanedioic acid

Docosanedioic acid finds uses in organic chemistry and is a starting material for ultrasound contrast agents. It is also used to produce the fluffy white solid 1.22-docosanediol, which in turn is a precursor to 1.22-bis-2-trimethylammoniumethylph ...

                                               

2.5-Furandicarboxylic acid

2.5-Furandicarboxylic acid is an organic chemical compound consisting of two carboxylic acid groups attached to a central furan ring. It was first reported as dehydromucic acid by Rudolph Fittig and Heinzelmann in 1876, who produced it via the ac ...

                                               

Glutaconic acid

trans -Glutaconic acid is an organic compound with formula HO 2 CCH=CHCH 2 CO 2 H. This dicarboxylic acid exists as a colorless solid and is related to the saturated chemical glutaric acid, HO 2 CC 3 CO 2 H. Esters and salts of glutaconic acid ar ...

                                               

Glutaric acid

Glutaric acid is the organic compound with the formula C 3 H 6 2. Although the related "linear" dicarboxylic acids adipic and succinic acids are water-soluble only to a few percent at room temperature, the water-solubility of glutaric acid is ove ...

                                               

Lepidolide

Lepidolide is a chemical compound with formula C 30 H 40 O 6 - specifically, a terpenoid with the cucurbitane skeleton - isolated from the fruiting bodies of the mushroom Russula lepida. It is a pale yellow oil, soluble in chloroform.

                                               

Lutidinic acid

Lutidinic acid is an organic compound that belongs to the heterocycles. It belongs to the group of pyridine dicarboxylic acids and consists of a pyridine ring, which carries two carboxy groups in the 2- and 4-position.

                                               

Macrophomic acid

Macrophomic acid is a fungal metabolite isolated from the fungus Macrophoma commelinae. The enzyme macrophomate synthase converts 5-acetyl-4-methoxy-6-methyl-2-pyrone to 4-acetyl-3-methoxy-5-methyl-benzoic acid through an unusual intermolecular D ...

                                               

Maleic acid

Maleic acid or cis -butenedioic acid is an organic compound that is a dicarboxylic acid, a molecule with two carboxyl groups. Its chemical formula is HO 2 CCH=CHCO 2 H. Maleic acid is the cis -isomer of butenedioic acid, whereas fumaric acid is t ...

                                               

Malonic acid

Malonic acid is a dicarboxylic acid with structure CH 2 2. The ionized form of malonic acid, as well as its esters and salts, are known as malonates. For example, diethyl malonate is malonic acids diethyl ester. The name originates from the Greek ...

                                               

Mesaconic acid

It is prepared from citric acid, which is first converted to itaconic anhydride by dehydration and decarboxylation. Itaconic acid anhydride is isomerized to citraconic anhydride, which is hydrolyzed and the resulting acid further isomerized under ...

                                               

3-Methylglutaconic acid

                                               

Methylmalonic acid

Methylmalonic acid is a dicarboxylic acid that is a C -methylated derivative of malonate. The coenzyme A linked form of methylmalonic acid, methylmalonyl-CoA, is converted into succinyl-CoA by methylmalonyl-CoA mutase, in a reaction that requires ...

                                               

2-Methylsuccinic acid

2-Methylsuccinic acid is an organic compound with the formula HO 2 CCHCH 2 CO 2 H. A white solid, it is the simplest chiral dicarboxylic acid. It is a recurring component of urban aerosols. Salts and esters of 2-methylsuccinic acid are called 2-m ...

                                               

Muconic acid

Muconic acid is a dicarboxylic acid. There are three isomeric forms designated trans,trans -muconic acid, cis,trans -muconic acid, and cis,cis -muconic acid which differ by the geometry around the double bonds. trans,trans -Muconic acid is a meta ...

                                               

Pamoic acid

Pamoic acid, also called embonic acid, is a naphthoic acid derivative. Salts and esters of pamoic acid are known as pamoates or embonates. It can be prepared by the reaction of 2-hydroxy-3-naphthoic acid with formaldehyde. In pharmacology, the sa ...

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