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AMD 580 chipset series

AMD 580 chipset series is a computer chipset series designed by the AMD Graphics Product Group, for the AMD processors. It was designed for usage with ATIs CrossFire Multi GPU Technology, with both PCI Express slots running at x16 lanes each.


AMD 690 chipset series

The AMD 690 chipset series is an integrated graphics chipset family which was developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for both AMD and Intel platforms focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. The corresponding chipset for t ...


AMD 700 chipset series

The AMD 700 chipset series is a set of chipsets designed by ATI for AMD Phenom processors to be sold under the AMD brand. Several members were launched in the end of 2007 and the first half of 2008, others launched throughout the rest of 2008.


ATI Flipper


Flipper (graphics chip)



Imageon was a series of media coprocessors and mobile chipsets produced by ATI in the 2000s, providing graphics acceleration and other multimedia features for handheld devices such as mobile phones and Personal Digital Assistants. AMD later sold ...


Xpress 200

The Radeon Xpress 200 is a computer chipset released by ATI. The chipset supports AMD 64-bit processors as well as supporting Intel Pentium 4, Pentium D and Celeron processors. Additionally, it includes support for DDR400 RAM and DDR-2 667 RAM on ...



Efika is a line of power efficient ARM architecture and Power ISA based computers manufactured by Genesi. In Esperanto efika means "efficacious, effective, or efficient".


Open Desktop Workstation

The Open Desktop Workstation, also referred to as ODW is a PowerPC based computer, by San Antonio-based Genesi. The ODW has an interchangeable CPU card allowing for a wide range of PowerPC microprocessors from IBM and Freescale Semiconductor. It ...



Pegasos is a MicroATX motherboard powered by a PowerPC 750CXe or PowerPC 7447 microprocessor, featuring three PCI slots, one AGP slot, two Ethernet ports, USB, DDR, AC97 sound, and FireWire. Like the PowerPC Macintosh counterparts, it boots via O ...


Power Architecture Platform Reference

Power Architecture Platform Reference is an initiative from Power.org to make a new open computing platform based on Power ISA processors. It follows two previous attempts made in the 1990s, PReP and CHRP. The PAPR specification provides the foun ...


AMD 800 chipset series

The AMD 800 chipset series is a set of chipsets developed by AMD, released in 2009. The chipset series was revealed in its presentation slides during the AMD Financial Analyst Day 2007 held on December 13, 2007. This chipset series also marks the ...


AMD 900 chipset series

The AMD 900 chipset series is identical to the AMD 800 chipset series except for the fact that it is only found on Socket AM3+ mainboards, whereas its predecessor is only found on Socket AM3 mainboards. It was released in 2011. This allows consum ...


Intel 440BX

The Intel 440BX, is a chipset from Intel, supporting Pentium II, Pentium III, and Celeron processors. It is also known as the i440BX and was released in April 1998. The official part number is 82443BX.


Intel 5 Series

Intel 5 Series is a computing architecture introduced in 2008 that improves the efficiency and balances the use of communication channels in the motherboard. The architecture consists primarily of a central processing unit and a single chipset. A ...


Intel 80130

The Intel 80130, referred to as an "Operating System Processor," was developed as a support chip for the 8086/8088 processors and the Intel iRMX86 operating system. Intel referred to the chip as "software in silicon".


Intel X299

Intel X299, codenamed "Basin Falls", is a Platform Controller Hub designed and manufactured by Intel, targeted at the high-end desktop or enthusiast segment of the Intel product lineup. The X299 chipset supports the Intel Core X-series processors ...


Intel P35

The P35 Express is a mainstream desktop computer chipset from Intel released in June 2007, although motherboards featuring the chipset were available a month earlier. The P35 Express chipset supports Intels LGA 775 socket and Core 2 Duo and Quad ...


Intel X58

The Intel X58 is an Intel chip designed to connect Intel processors with Intel QuickPath Interconnect interface to peripheral devices. Supported processors implement the Nehalem microarchitecture and therefore have an integrated memory controller ...


List of Intel Xeon chipsets

Around the time that the Pentium III processor was introduced, Intels Xeon line diverged from its line of desktop processors, which at the time was using the Pentium branding. The divergence was implemented by using different sockets; since then, ...


Comparison of Nvidia nForce chipsets

The memory controller is integrated into the CPU, the supported memory types depend on the CPU and socket used. HT1.0 = 2000 MT/s HT3.0 = 5200 MT/s


GeForce 8000-series chipsets

GeForce 8000 series is a series of Nvidia motherboard chipsets aimed at home theater PC and gaming pc solutions using CPUs by AMD. The chipsets are capable of full 1080p Blu-ray and HD DVD playback with most processing being done by the integrate ...


Nvidia Ion

Nvidia Ion is a product line of Nvidia corporation intended for motherboards of low-cost portable computers. It uses graphics processing units and chipsets intended for small products.



nForce is a motherboard chipset created by Nvidia for AMD Athlon and Duron. The chipset shipped in 3 varieties; 220, 415, and 420. 220 and 420 are very similar with each having the integrated GPU, but the 220 only has a single channel of memory a ...


NForce 500

The nForce 500 is a motherboard chipset series and the successor to the nForce4 series. It was revealed by NVIDIA on 2006-03-07 and released on May 23, 2006. The nForce 500 series supports AMDs Socket AM2 and support for Intels LGA 775 has also b ...


NForce 600

The nForce 600 chipset was released in the first half of November 2006, coinciding with the GeForce 8 series launch on November 8, 2006. The nForce 600 supports Intels LGA 775 socket and AMDs Quad FX platform and replaces the nForce 500 series.


NForce 700

The nForce 700 is a chipset series designed by Nvidia first released in December 2007. The series supports both Intel Core 2 and AMD Phenom processors, and replaces the nForce 600 series chipsets. Several members were spotted, including the coden ...



The nForce2 chipset was released by Nvidia in July 2002 as a refresh to the original nForce product offering. The nForce2 chipset was a platform for motherboards supporting AMDs Socket A CPUs along with DDR SDRAM. There were variations of the chi ...



The nForce3 chipset was created by Nvidia as a Media and Communications Processor. Specifically, it was designed for use with the Athlon 64 processor.



The nForce4 is a motherboard chipset released by Nvidia in October 2004. The chipset supports AMD 64-bit processors and Intel Pentium 4 LGA 775 processors.


Exmor RS

Exmor is the name of a technology Sony implemented on some of their CMOS image sensors. It performs on-chip analog/digital signal conversion and two-step noise reduction in parallel on each column of the CMOS sensor. Exmor R is a back-illuminated ...


Exmor R


Exmor RS



A D-Terminal or D-tanshi is a type of analog video connector found on Japanese consumer electronics, typically HDTV, DVD, Blu-ray, D-VHS and HD DVD devices. It was developed by the EIAJ in its standard, RC-5237, for use in digital satellite broad ...



Kornwerderzand is a settlement on the Afsluitdijk, a major dam in the Netherlands that links Friesland with North Holland.



Wieringermeer) is a former municipality and a polder in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. Since 2012 Wieringermeer has been a part of the new municipality of Hollands Kroon.


List of laser applications

Many scientific, military, medical and commercial laser applications have been developed since the invention of the laser in 1958. The coherency, high monochromaticity, and ability to reach extremely high powers are all properties which allow for ...


Laser machine control

Laser machine control is an electronic system for automatic operation of land scrapers or excavators. Advanced systems with GPS replaced these laser-based systems in some countries, but it is still used in some countries like India.


LIGHT Program

The Laser Ignition in Guns, Howitzers and Tanks Program began in the early 1990s at the Ballistic Research Laboratory, which later became a part of the U.S Army Research Laboratory. This program was designed to create laser ignition systems to re ...


Light section

The light section is a technology for optical 3-D measurement, which makes the measurement of a height profile along a projected line of light. It is based on the principle of triangulation.


Precision Airborne Standoff Directed Energy Weapon

The Precision Airborne Standoff Directed Energy Weapon was a weapons system described in unclassified documents leaked to Wired magazine in 2007. In 2008 Boeing tested a prototype of the weapon, mounted in a C-130. Some commentators compared the ...


Laser image acquisition


Laser image generation


Laser ranging


Raydiance Inc.

Raydiance Inc., headquartered in Petaluma, California, was the maker of the world’s first software-controlled ultrashort pulse laser. The company was established in 2003 by Jeff Bullington and Peter Delfyett in Orlando, Florida as Ablation Indust ...


List of laser types

This is a list of laser types, their operational wavelengths, and their applications. Thousands of kinds of laser are known, but most of them are used only for specialized research.


Dye laser

A dye laser is a laser which uses an organic dye as the lasing medium, usually as a liquid solution. Compared to gases and most solid state lasing media, a dye can usually be used for a much wider range of wavelengths, often spanning 50 to 100 na ...


Gamma-ray laser

A gamma-ray laser, or graser, is a hypothetical device that would produce coherent gamma rays, just as an ordinary laser produces coherent rays of visible light. In his 2003 Nobel lecture, Vitaly Ginzburg cited the gamma-ray laser as one of the t ...


Ring laser

Ring lasers are composed of two beams of light of the same polarization traveling in opposite directions in a closed loop. Ring lasers are used most frequently as gyroscopes ring laser gyroscope in moving vessels like cars, ships, planes, and mis ...


Tunable laser

A tunable laser is a laser whose wavelength of operation can be altered in a controlled manner. While all laser gain media allow small shifts in output wavelength, only a few types of lasers allow continuous tuning over a significant wavelength r ...

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